Philae The Sacred Isis Temple

Philae, The Pearl of Egypt , was a beautiful island surrounded by clear blue water and black granite boulders.

The nearby island of biggeh, the southernmost site in Egypt proper, contained the (Burial place) of Osiris, an unapproachable sanctum within a sacred grove.


Sacred Isis Temple History

- Isis the sister and devoted spouse of Osiris, dwelt in the temple pf Philae according to the ritual,Isis would visit her husband on special occasions, travelling the short distance in her sacred bark, amidst solemn ceremonies. 

- The temple of Isis on the island of Philae was famous during the Graeco-Roman period.

- After the erection of the earlier dam at Aswan, the flood waters inundated the island so that only the tops of the pylon were visible above the water.

- The construction of the much higher Sadd el-Aali(The high Dam) threatened to engulf the island permanently. Consequently the entire sacred complex of Philae had to be moved to a nearby island, Agilkia, which is higher than Philae.


Philae The scared Isis Temple Architecture 

- The sacred precinct of the temple (which include several buildings) occupied most of the area of small island.

- The main temple is approached via a long esplanade flanked by beautiful columns.

- In front of the first pylon are two granite lions. On the walls of the temple of Philae were inscribed the latest hieroglyphic and demotic inscriptionAmong the buildings of the complex the Pavilion of king Nectanebo (30th Dynasty) the main temple of Isis and her son Harpocrates (Horus the Child) the gate of Hadrian the Temple of Hathor and the Kiosk of Trajan.

- The pavilion of Nectanebo has composite the columns with floral capitals and hathorian abaci (female face with Cow’s ears).